INTRODUCTION

We cannot forget this wonderful Declaration of Allah when He told all the Angels; “I will create a vicegerent on earth.”  The angels contradicted Him by saying due to lack of knowledge; “Will You place on earth one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?  And we celebrate Your praises and glorify Your Holy Names?”  He said: “I know what you know not.” And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels and said: “Tell Me the nature of these things if you know.”

The Angels acknowledged that they did not possess any Knowledge except what was taught to them by Allah and that was when He threw a challenge to them. He then turned to Adam and said: “O Adam, tell them their names and natures.”  To their utmost astonishment Adam told them the names and nature of everything. Allah then declared to the angels: “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the heaven and earth and I know what you make public and what you conceal?”

 

The power of will or choice was imbued with Man for him to mane his own affairs thus take responsibility of his own affairs. He was created as an emotional being and equipped with a character which could lead him to the highest form of Spiritual and Material development or condition him to lower himself to the lowest degree. This power of will when used aright gives him to some extent mastery over his own fortunes and over nature, thus bringing him nearer and nearer to possessing supremacy over other things. The perfect vicegerent (man) is he who has the power of initiative himself, but whose independent action always reflects perfectly the will of his Principal (Allah). 

The mystery of knowledge was conferred on man and that was when the actual capacities of man were demonstrated to the Angels. So, Adam the First Vicegerent was taught “The names of things” by Allah. Man was thus taught and charged with mystic meaning to everything including particular qualities of feelings and love. Many qualities were bestowed on man which are latent or which he may wish to suppress or conceal, but this is to his own detriment. Among the mysteries of knowledge is “AYAAM UL-LAH OR UNFOLDING THE SCRIPTURES”.

The Islamic concept of Unfolding the Scriptures is as old as time itself. The Islamic terminology is called AYAAM UL-LAH, which literally means the ‘Days of Allah’. These ‘Days of Allah’ have been explained by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), where Muslim gave, a narration of Ubaiyi that the Prophet (SAW) explained that “Allah’s Days are some Days of the year that are fortunes days and some others are misfortunes days”.

The Days of Allah are days when Allah’s mercies and bounties are specially shown to mankind. Every day and every hour and minute, Allah’s grace flows to us abundantly, but there are special events in personal or national history which may be commemorated as Evil Days.

One of the most outstanding blessings of the Almighty Allah is that He has in His infinite mercy bestowed knowledge of Ayaam ul-Lah to mankind. This acts as a road map to arrive at a destination which one otherwise could not have reached. Unfortunately many Muslims are fallen short of this divine knowledge and claim it does not exist, hence have disbelieved it. In the case of the unfolding of the scriptures in particular, the ignorant are exempted. And those who disbelieve in the days of Allah, their acts of disbelieve are punishable. In other words, disbelieve in Allah’s Days causes harm to mankind as a result of one not taking the pain to avert calamities that would have befallen a people. The untold hardships that befall people is because some Muslims have dismissed the concept and are doing nothing to avert disasters, hungers, wars and other misfortunes. In view of this Allah commands believers to forgive those Muslims who disbelieve in the concept. Quran Chapter 45 verse 14 “Tell those who believe, to forgive those who do not believe in the Days of Allah: it is His responsibility to reward each People according to what they have earned. (Good for Good and Evil for Evil).”

This is so important (Ayaamu Lahi) in the life of human beings that it should be made a yearly affair, thus the unfolding of the scriptures. Those endowed with such knowledge should try and reveal to the people for the proper guidance in all their worldly activities and affairs in order to bring about peace and happiness in the world.

In Quran Chapter 41 verses 15-16 and Chapter 54 verses 18-19; Allah teaches that, He destroys a people who have disobeyed him completely on only days of evil omen (Nahisaat) which the Prophet (SAW) explains to mean days that evil befalls a people.

Quran chapter 41 verse 15-16; Muhammad Pickthall

“As for Aad, they were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: Who is mightier than us in power? Could they not see that Allah Who created them, He was mightier than them in power? And they denied Our revelations. Therefore We let loose on them a raging wind in evil days (Nahisaat), that We might make them taste the torment of disgrace in the life of the world. And verily the doom of the Hereafter will be more shameful, and they will not be helped”.

Quran chapter 54 verse 18-19; Muhammad Pickthall

“(The tribe of) Aad rejected warnings. Then how (dreadful) was My punishment after My warnings. Lo! We let loose on them a raging wind on a day of constant calamity (Nahiss),”

Both Surat Ibrahim and al-Jathiya have mentioned Allah’s Days, where Allah is emphatic that the Prophets should teach their people those days. Allah also emphatically commanded the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) to teach his Ummah, Allah’s Days (Days of fortunes and Days of misfortunes through out the year).

Surah Ibrahim

5- We sent Musah (AS) with Our Signs in order to, “bring out his people from the depths of darkness of ignorance into light of knowledge, and teach them to remember the Days of Allah.” Verily in this there are Signs for those who are steadfast, grateful and appreciative.

6- Remember Musah (AS) said to his people: “Call to mind the favour of Allah to you when He delivered you from the people of Pharaoh: who subjected you to severe torment, and slew your sons, and spared your women-folk; therein was a tremendous trial from your Lord.”

7- And when your Lord made it known: “If you are grateful, I will add more (favours) unto you; but if you show ingratitude, I will punish you terrible.”

8- And Musah (AS) said: “If you all on earth show ingratitude, Allah is worthy of all praises and free from all wants.

9- Has the story of those who went before you not reached you? Of the People of Nuh (AS), ‘Ad, and Thamud – and of those who (came) after them? None knows them but Allah. To them came Messengers with Clear (Signs); but they trust their hands into their mouths, and said: “We do deny (the mission) with which you have been sent, and really we are in serious doubt as to that to which you invite us.”

Al-Jathiya

12. It is Allah Who has made the sea subservient to you, that your ships may sail through it by His command, and that you seek of His Bounties so that you may be grateful.

13. And He has made and that is in heavens and the earth all by Himself: subservient to you, indeed there are Signs in them for those who reflect.

14. Tell those who believe, to forgive those who do not believe in the Days of Allah: it is His responsibility to reward each People according to what they have earned. (Good for Good and Evil for Evil).

15. If anyone does a righteous deed, it is to the benefit of his own soul; if he does evil, it works against (his own soul). In the end will you (all) be brought back to your Lord.

16. We gave the Children of Israel the Book, and authority to rule and Prophethood; We gave them, Sustenance, things good and pure; and We favoured them above the nations.

17. And We granted them Clear Signs in affairs (of Religion): it was only after knowledge had been granted to them that they fell into schisms, through insolent envy among themselves. Verily your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Judgment as to those matters in which they differed.

18. Then We put you Prophet Muhammad (SAW) on the (right) Way of Religion: so follow that (Way), and follow not the desires of those who know not.

The Unfolding of the Scriptures was part of the Traditions of the Holy Prophet (SAW) as indicated in the Quranic Ayat and Hadith that are written below: 

Imam Ahmad narrated that on the authority of Zubair, he said the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) on one Friday made a sermon reminding us of the DAYS OF ALLAH. When it is a bad day we will know that from his face with all seriousness as if he is warning a people about an impending war the next day. This is especially so when he gets the information from Jibril, he does not smile or laugh until that misfortune comes to pass. (Ahmad 1360)

Imam Ahmad narrated that, Ubaiyi bin Ka’ab said that the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) gave a sermon on a Friday reading BARAATU and he used the surah to make us remember of ALLAH’S DAYS. Ubaiyi sat in front of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) listening to him attentively, whiles Abu Zari and Abu Dardai sat behind Ubaiyi, one of them asked him; “When was this Surah revealed to the Prophet? For I have never head it unless today” Ubaiyi then signal to him to keep quite. After the prayers, Abu Zari asked Ubaiyi “Why didn’t you answer me when I asked you about the Surah” Ubaiyi answered; “The Seriousness of the matter is that you have no Jummah Prayers because, you talked during the reading of the sermon on Jummah. He went to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and asked him what did he think about what Ubaiyi said? The Prophet (SAW) answered, Ubaiyi told you the truth. (Ahmad, Hadith No. 20325)

Muslim narrated that Ibn Umar said, during the pre-Islamic period the Jews and some people used to fast the 10th of the Lunar Moon, Muharram (ASHUURAH) and that was even before Ramadan was prescribed to this Ummah. To explain what ASHUURAH is the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, verily ASHUURAH is a day of telling people about the DAYS of ALLAH and is a day among the DAYS of ALLAH. So any one who wants to fast can do so on that day. (Muslim said in the book of Fasting, Hadith No.1901)

Muslim narrated from the Book of Fadaail, Ubaiyi said, I heard the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) say that Prophet Musah (AS) once was with his people teaching them the DAYS of ALLAH, then the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said The DAYS OF ALLAH are the Days of fortunes whiles the other days are those of Misfortunes… (Muslim Book 0f Fadaail, Hadith No. 4386)

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