The Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood is fundamentally very important and the unity of Muslims cannot be realized without it. Indeed Islam cannot function effectively and efficiently if Muslims do not strictly adhere to the tenets of the Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood in Islam.

 The five times daily congregational prayers, the fasting in the months of Ramadan, the giving out of Zakat to the poor and the coming together of the Muslims during the Hajj are all factors to strengthen the brotherhood/sisterhood in Islam and furthermore to enhance the unity of Muslims.

Saying your Salat in isolation attracts one reward but saying it in a congregation attracts 25 or 27 rewards. This is a potential platform to fostering the brotherhood/sisterhood in Islam. The congregational Salat gives the Muslims the chance to interact with each other in order to know each other’s problems and appreciate each other’s fortune, which becomes a very strong foundation for fostering the brotherhood/sisterhood trend in Islam. 

Paying out Zakat to the poor is to better his life and alleviate poverty from the community. It also goes a long way to foster the Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood in Islam.

When the Lunar Moon of Ramadan appears, Muslims all over the world commences fasting together which also let the Muslims to psychologically feel their togetherness in addition to observing the five daily congregational prayers.  The last 10  days of Ramadan, is incumbent on every able Muslim to retired to the Mosques all over the world and spend the rest of the 10  days with their brothers. This is an advance approach to knowing each other well because you sleep at one place and wake up at the same place, hence the brotherhood / sisterhood ties are strengthened.

At the end of Ramadan, the Muslims congregate in the outskirt of town or a very convenient place to pray the Eid in thanks giving to the Almighty Allah for seeing them through the Ramadan and to congratulate each other. After that, they pay visit to each other, have meals together and merry making together.

The Hajj is a bigger rendezvous for Muslims all over the world to come together in one country, one town and one spot at a time to promote the brotherhood/sisterhood internationally.

 Islamic brotherhood/sisterhood is an important part of Islam. When the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) migrated from Makka to Madina, he fostered the Islamic brotherhood/sisterhood by adopting the unique method of strengthening the bonds of brotherhood/sisterhood between the Muhajirs from Makka and the Ansars of Madina. He paired off each Muhajir with one of the Ansar.

The Quran says in 59:9;

“Those who had homes in Madina and had adopted the Faith before, showed their affection to those who came to them for refuge from Makka. They entertained no desire in their hearts for things given to the Muhajirs and in addition gave them preference over themselves, even though they desired what they gave away. Those who are saved from the covetousness of their own souls; they are the ones that achieve prosperity”.

This arrangement also helped to relieve the immediate needs of the Muhajirs for shelter and food and created an integrated community of believers. Being your neighbour’s keeper was practiced to the fullest. This unique Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood reached its climax when the people of Madina did not only shared half of their wealth with the people of Makka but also share with them their houses and in some cases, willingly divorced their wives to make room for people of Makka to marry them.

In Sahih Al-Bukhari hadith 3496, Anas bin Malik narrated that when Abdur-Rahman bin Auf came from Makka to Madina, the Prophet made a bond of brotherhood between him and Sad ibr Rabi al-Ansari. Al-Ansari had two wives, so he suggested to Abdur-Rahman to take half, his wives and property. Abdur-Rahman replied, “May Allah bless you with your wives and property. Kindly show me the market.” So Abdur-Rahman went to the market and bargained for some dried yoghurt and some butter. After a few days the Prophet saw Abdur-Rahman with some yellow stains on his clothes and asked him, “What is that, Oh Abdur-Rahman?” He replied, “I had married an Ansari woman.” The Prophet asked, “How much Mahr did you give her?” He replied, “The weight of one date of gold.” The Prophet said, “Offer a party and if you can, slaughter a sheep.”

This unique brotherhood/sisterhood has never being practice anywhere in the world. No  nation or  community, and no  religion has ever practiced this except Islam. Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood is one of the values that have never being equaled. In order to have unity in Islam, a detailed and genuine brotherhood/sisterhood should be maintained with reference to the above.  

 Islam is a Deen for all people from whatever race or background they might come from. That is why Islamic Deen is based on unity, which stands completely against any racial or ethnic discrimination. The sense of the Muslim brotherhood/sisterhood was so much emphasized that it overcame all local attachments to a particular tribe, race, or language.

 The universal Deen of Islam was chosen by Allah to mankind and by its nature permitted people of diverse ethnic backgrounds to work together in cultivating various arts and the sciences. In Quran 5:4, Allah says;

“Today I have perfected your Deen for you, completed My favours upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your Deen.”

Although the arts and the sciences were profoundly Islamic it called for the Muslim participation in the intellectual activity whose fruits belonged to everyone. Islam also succeeded in activating the minds and thoughts of the people who entered its fold by bringing them to the realization of true Islamic brotherhood/sisterhood and subsequently the strongest bond of Islamic Unity.

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